Umbelliferae & Solanaceae family characteristics & plants list

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Umbelliferae & Solanaceae family characteristics & plants list

Umbelliferae / Apiaceae

family characteristics
HabitAromatic herbs with a fistular stem (solid at the node, hollow at internode).
LeavesAlternate, simple or decompound
InflorescenceSimple or compound umbel
FlowerSmall, bisexual, actinomorphic epigynous with a disk. Sepals 5 united, petals 5 free, unequal.
AndroeciumStamens 5, free, anthers versatile
GynoeciumCarpels 2, united, ovary inferior, 2 chambered; style 2, stylopodium present (swollen base of style), stigma 2, capitate.
FruitCremocarp, dehiscing into two dry segments (mericarp), which are suspended from a slender biforked axis called carpophore; vittae (oil gland) present.
Plants list
NameFoeniculum vulgare
PartsFruit
UsesAs a condiment

 

NameCarum carvi
PartsFruit
UsesAs a condiment

 

NameCoriandrum sativum
PartsFruit
UsesAs a condiment

 

NameTrachyspermum ammi
PartsFruit
UsesAs a condiment

 

NameDaucus carota
PartsTaproot
UsesVegetable

 

NameCentella asiatica
PartsWhole plant
UsesMedicine

 

NameFerula asafoetida
PartsResinous exudation of young bud and roots
UsesAs a high of commerce

Acanthaceae & Labiatae family characteristics and plants list

Umbelliferae & Solanaceae family characteristics & plants list

Solanaceae

Family characteristics
Habitplants herbs or shrubs
Leavessimple, alternate, exstipulate
Inflorescencecymose (axillary)
Flower
bisexual, actinomorphic, hypogynous,
Calyx- sepals 5, gamosepalous, imbricate, persistent
Corolla- petals 5, Gamopetalous, rotate or funnel-shaped
Androeciumstamens 5, epipetalous; anther 2 celled, dehisces by an apical pore
Gynoecium
carpels 2, syncarpous,
Ovary superior, 2 chambered or 4 chambered by a false partition.
Many anatropous ovule on axile placenta.
Style- 1, terminal, stigma, slightly bilobed.
Fruitmany-seeded berry or capsule
Plants list
NameSolanum tuberosum
Partstuber
Usesvegetable
NameSolanum melongena
Partsfruit
Usesvegetable
NameLycopersicon esculentum
Partsfruit
Usesvegetable
NameCapsicum frutescens
Partsfruit
Usesspice
NameNicotiana tabacum
Parts
leaf
Usestobacco
NameAtropa belladonna
Partsleaves, and roots
Usesmedicine (Atropine)

 

 


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